Ions are an atomic group that acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons. Therefore, they attract and repel each other as magnets do. Ionization is the process developed by applying this reaction principle. By ionization, cosmetic ingredients great for skin are transformed into ions to easily reach the outer layer of the skin.
Electroporation is a method in which an electric pulse is applied to the skin to temporarily disrupt the skin cells and form a number of fine holes through which active ingredients of cosmetics penetrate into the skin. When the electric pulse is cut off, the opened holes become closed. Recently, electroporation is widely used in the medical field across the world. Because it does not cause pain, it is extensively adopted for the purpose of effectively providing active ingredients to the skin.